What is windows 10 pro for workstations and how to upgrade

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Chris HoffmanEditor-in-Chief

Chris Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of How-To Geek. He"s written about công nghệ for over a decade & was a PCWorld columnist for two years. Chris has written for The Thủ đô New York Times, been interviewed as a giải pháp công nghệ expert on TV stations like Miami"s NBC 6, & had his work covered by news outlets like the Đài truyền hình BBC. Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have been read nearly one billion times---và that"s just here at How-To Geek. Read more...

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chrisbhoffman
Aug 18, 2017, 12:34 pm EDT| 3 min read
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Microsoft has announced Windows 10 Pro for Workstations. This is a higher-kết thúc version of Windows 10 Professional for expensive sầu PCs with powerful hardware. The included features are already available on Windows Server, but are being brought over lớn a desktop version of Windows.

Here are the features it includes, và why you would want them.


ReFS (Resilient File System)

RELATED: What Is ReFS (the Resilient File System) on Windows?

Microsoft’s new resilient tệp tin system, ReFS for short, “provides cloud-grade resiliency for fault-tolerant storage spaces & manages very large volumes with ease.”

This feature isn’t technically exclusive sầu to Windows 10 Pro for Workstations. You can use it on any edition of Windows 10 along with Storage Spaces. When used along with Storage Spaces, ReFS can detect when data becomes corrupt on a mirrored drive sầu & quickly repair it with data from another drive.

However, ReFS can only be used on Storage Spaces on normal editions of Windows 10. Windows Server năm nhâm thìn systems can format drives as ReFS without using Storage Spaces, & this offers some performance advantages in certain situations—for example, when using various virtual machine features in Microsoft Hyper-V. But, khổng lồ really benefit from ReFS, you’ll need a PC with multiple storage drives.


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At the moment, Windows 10 can’t actually boot from ReFS, so there’s no way lớn format your system drive sầu as ReFS. This means ReFS can’t fully replace NTFS. It’s unclear whether Microsoft is fixing this limitation for Windows 10 Pro for Workstations, or simply allowing users lớn format any drive with the ReFS file system.

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Persistent Memory

Windows 10 Pro for Workstations supports NVDIMM-N hardware. NVDIMM-N is a non-volatile type of memory. This memory is as fast to access & write to as normal RAM, but the data stored in it won’t be erased when your computer shoots down—that’s what the non-volatile part means.

This allows demanding applications to lớn access important data as quickly as possible. The data doesn’t need lớn be stored on a slower disk & moved bachồng & forth between memory and storage.

The reason we don’t all use NVDIMM-N memory today is because it’s much more expensive sầu than normal RAM. It’s very high-kết thúc hardware right now, and if you don’t have the expensive sầu hardware, you can’t take advantage of this feature anyway.

Faster File Sharing

This edition of Windows 10 includes SMB Direct, a feature also available on Windows Server. SMB Direct requires network adapters that tư vấn Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA).

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As Microsoft puts it, “Network adapters that have RDMA can function at full tốc độ with very low latency, while using very little CPU.” This sida applications that access large amounts of data on remote SMB (Windows network tệp tin sharing) shares over the network. Such applications benefit from faster transfer of large amounts of data, lower latency when accessing data, & low CPU utilization even when transferring a large amount of data very quickly.


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Once again, you need high-kết thúc hardware that isn’t available on a typical consumer desktop PC khổng lồ do this. If you don’t have network adapters that tư vấn RDMA, this feature won’t help you.

You can check whether your network adapters are RDMA-capable through PowerShell. Right-click the Start button on Windows 10 và select “PowerShell (Admin)” to open PowerShell as Administrator. Type “Get-SmbServerNetworkInterface” at the prompt & press Enter. Look under the “RDMA Capable” column to see whether they tư vấn RDMA. On a typical desktop PC, they almost certainly won’t.

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Expanded Hardware Support

Microsoft is allowing Windows 10 Pro for Workstations to run on devices with “high performance configurations”, including server-grade Hãng Intel Xeon and AMD Opteron processors that would normally require Windows Server.

Windows 10 Pro currently only supports up to two physical CPUs và 2 TB of RAM per system, but Windows 10 Pro for Workstations will tư vấn up khổng lồ four CPUs and 6 TB of RAM.

Once again, this feature will only aid people building expensive, high-end professional PCs.

How Do I Get It?

RELATED: What"s New in Windows 10"s Fall Creators Update, Available Now

This new edition of Windows 10 will be available when the Fall Creators Update is released.


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Microsoft hasn’t actually mentioned a price tag for this sản phẩm. It’s intended for high-kết thúc workstation PCs. Microsoft isn’t going to lớn sell it alongside other editions of Windows 10 in retail stores, và they have no reason to. All the features only benefit people who require tư vấn for expensive, high-over hardware. High-over workstation PCs will ship with Windows 10 Pro for Workstations installed, & it will likely be available to lớn businesses và other organizations in volume license agreements.

While Microsoft is adding another edition of Windows 10, most people won’t need to even know it exists. But it’s another way for Microsoft lớn segment the market for Windows licenses, allowing them to charge more for a version of Windows 10 that will be required on very expensive workstation PCs.


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Chris HoffmanChris Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of How-To Geek. He"s written about technology for over a decade & was a PCWorld columnist for two years. Chris has written for The New York Times, been interviewed as a giải pháp công nghệ expert on TV stations lượt thích Miami"s NBC 6, & had his work covered by news outlets lượt thích the BBC. Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have sầu been read nearly one billion times---and that"s just here at How-To Geek. Read Full Bio »